Breast Cancer: What is it?
Breast tissue is where breast cancer develops. It takes place when breast cells undergo uncontrolled growth and change. Usually, the cells grow into a tumor.
In certain cases, cancer does not progress. “In situ” is the term for this. The cancer is referred to as “invasive” if it extends outside the breast. It might only have affected adjacent lymph nodes and tissues. Alternatively, cancer may metastasize (spread to other organs) through the blood or lymphatic system.
In the United States, breast cancer is the second most prevalent type of cancer in women. Sometimes, men may also be affected.
What variations of breast cancer are there?
Breast cancer comes in a variety of forms. The categories are determined by which breast cells progress to cancer. The types consist of:
Ductal carcinoma starts in the duct cells. The most typical kind is this.
Lobular carcinoma is a condition that starts there. Compared to other forms of breast cancer, it is more frequently seen in both breasts.
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Breast cancer is inflammatory in nature and causes lymphatic vessels in the breast skin to become blocked. The breast gets heated, puffy, and red. This kind is uncommon. Breast Cancer Treat with Arimidex Pill.
Paget’s disease of the breast is cancer that affects the nipple’s skin. The darker skin around the nipple is frequently also affected. It is also unusual.
Why does breast cancer occur?
Breast cancer happens when there are changes in the genetic material (DNA). Often, the exact cause of these genetic changes is unknown.
But sometimes these genetic changes are inherited, meaning that you are born with them. Breast cancer that is caused by inherited genetic changes is called hereditary breast cancer treatment.
There are also certain genetic changes that can raise your risk of breast cancer treatment, including changes in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. These two changes also raise your risk of ovarian and other cancers.
Besides genetics, your lifestyle and the environment can affect your risk of breast cancer.
What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?
The signs and symptoms of breast cancer include:
- A new lump or thickening in or near the breast or in the armpit.
- A change in the size or shape of the breast.
- A dimple or puckering in the skin of the breast. It may look like the skin of an orange.
- A nipple turned inward into the breast.
- Nipple discharge other than breast milk. The discharge might happen suddenly, be bloody, or happen in only one breast.
- Scaly, red, or swollen skin in the nipple area or the breast
- Pain in any area of the breast.
What are the treatments for breast cancer?
Treatments for breast cancer include:
- Surgery such as
- A mastectomy, which removes the whole breast
- A lumpectomy to remove cancer and some normal tissue around it, but not the breast itself
- Radiation therapy
- Hormone therapy, Breast Cancer Pills blocks cancer cells from getting the hormones they need to grow
- Targeted therapy, which uses drugs or other substances that attack specific cancer cells with less harm to normal cells
Can breast cancer be prevented?
You may be able to help prevent breast cancer by making healthy lifestyle changes such as:
- Staying at a healthy weight
- Limiting alcohol use
- Getting enough exercises
- Limiting your exposure to estrogen by
- Breastfeeding your babies if you can
- Limiting hormone therapy
If you are at high risk, your healthcare provider may suggest that you take certain medicines to lower the risk. Some women at very high risk may decide to get a mastectomy (of their healthy breasts) to prevent breast cancer.
It’s also important to get regular mammograms. They may be able to identify breast cancer treatment in the early stages when it is easier to treat.
How is breast cancer diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider may use many tools to diagnose breast cancer and figure out which type you have:
A physical exam, including a clinical breast exam (CBE). This involves checking for any lumps or anything else that seems unusual with the breasts and armpits.
A medical history.
Imaging tests, such as a mammogram, an ultrasound, or an MRI.
Blood chemistry tests, measure different substances in the blood, including electrolytes, fats, proteins, glucose (sugar), and enzymes. Some of the specific blood chemistry tests include a basic metabolic panel (BMP), a comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP), and an electrolyte panel.
If these tests show that you have breast cancer treatment, you will have tests that study the cancer cells. These tests help your provider decide which treatment would be best for you. The tests may include:
Genetic tests for genetic changes such as in the BRCA and TP53 genes
HER2 test. HER2 is a protein involved with cell growth. It is on the outside of all breast cells. If your breast cancer cells have more HER2 than normal, they can grow more quickly and spread to other parts of the body.
An estrogen and progesterone receptor test. This test measures the amount of estrogen and progesterone (hormones) receptors in cancer tissue. If there are more receptors than normal, the cancer is called estrogen and/or progesterone receptor positive. This type of breast cancer may grow more quickly.
Another step is staging cancer. Staging involves doing tests to find out whether cancer has spread within the breast or to other parts of the body. The tests may include other diagnostic imaging tests and a sentinel lymph node biopsy. This biopsy is done to see whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.